What does clean eating mean?
Clean food is as close to its natural form as possible – unprocessed, minimally handled from source to shop, and preferably with little in the way of packaging. For many, clean also means organic. BBC Good Food's nutirtional therapist Kerry Torrens recommends you buy the best quality you can afford and, where budget permits, invest in organic meat, eggs and dairy.
Going totally organic can be an expensive business and choosing from the wealth of options available can be confusing. Below, we’ve taken a look at the major food groups and tried to demystify these decisions, helping you to navigate the food aisles...
Fruit and vegetables
Some fruit and vegetables retain higher levels of pesticide residue than others. Here are 10 that are worth buying organic:
✹ Greens, including spinach and kale
✹ Peaches and nectarines
Meat and eggs
Grass-fed and organic livestock will have enjoyed a more relaxed life and better quality diet and as a consequence their meat will contain higher levels of anti-inflammatory omega-3 fats. They’re also less likely to have been treated with antibiotics, which can have a detrimental effect on our gut health.
- Meat – lamb, beef, pork, venison, rabbit
BEST – 100% grass-fed and organic
GOOD – Lean, fat trimmed
- Poultry and game – duck, chicken, turkey, pheasant, quail, guinea fowl
BEST – Free range and organic
GOOD – Fat trimmed
- Eggs – duck, chicken, goose, quail
BEST – Free range and organic
GOOD – Omega-3 enriched
Fish and Shellfish
Wild and sustainably caught fish rather than farmed will have a superior fat composition – with more healthy omega-3 fatty acids. However, a large proportion of the fish available in our supermarkets is farmed, so look for ‘sustainably caught’ fish or, if you’re lucky enough to live close enough, buy direct from the dockside. When buying frozen shellfish like prawns, look for those frozen in their shells – that’s because they’re not preserved in a salt glaze like their peeled counterparts.
Fish - Salmon, trout, mackerel, sardines, pollock, halibut, turbot, cod, haddock, sea bass, sea bream, sole, mullet
Shellfish – prawns, scallops, squid, mussels, clams, crab
BEST – Wild-caught and sustainably fished
GOOD – Sustainably farmed
If budget permits go organic, as these products are less likely to have been produced with the use of hormones or antibiotics. Want to try something different? Nut milks made from scratch using almonds, cashew or hazelnuts are delicious, or you could try coconut products including coconut milk, cream and yogurt.
Milk, yogurt, cheese and butter including goat, sheep and cow products
BEST – Organic
GOOD – Locally purchased
Pulses, nuts and seeds
These are a nutritious addition to your diet, each with their own unique properties. They can be used to bulk up and add flavour to a wide range of dishes.
Legumes, beans and pulses – lentils, peas, peanuts, alfalfa, haricot beans, kidney beans, butter beans, black-eyed beans, broad beans, chickpeas
Nuts – unsalted almonds, pecans, pistachios, walnuts, Brazils, hazelnuts, macadamia, cashews, chestnuts, coconut
Seeds – chia, flax, sesame, pumpkin, sunflower, hemp, pine nuts
Grains and pseudo-grains – amaranth, quinoa, buckwheat, oats, freekeh, whole-grain barley, rice (wild, brown/ black/ red), millet
Cooking fats, salad oils and seasonings
Animal fats make ideal cooking fats because they’re rich in saturates, which are stable at high temperatures. For vegetarians, opt for coconut oil or rapeseed, this is a stable cooking oil and is a great source of healthy omega-3 fats.
Keep the unsaturated plant oils like flax, avocado, pumpkin and walnut, as well as cold-pressed olive oil, for dressings and drizzles. These unsaturated oils are more delicate and easily damaged at high temperatures, which impacts their rich flavour and will be detrimental to their nutritional benefits.
Fats (animal) – butter, ghee, duck and goose fat, lard or dripping
Fats (plant) – coconut (organic, unfiltered, raw), chia, flax, avocado, olive, pumpkin, sunflower, sesame, walnut, rapeseed, tahini and nut butters (sugar and salt free)
Seasonings – spices, herbs (fresh, dried), vanilla pods, vinegar (balsamic, organic apple cider), tabasco (original), garlic granules, chilli flakes, tamari, mustard powder, tomato puree, beef / chicken / vegetable stock (preferably homemade or select a good quality, low-salt bouillon powder), salt (preferably Himalayan) sea salt, black pepper, capers, olives, miso (organic and non-GM), sea vegetables (nori, kelp, wakame)
Hydrate yourself with drinks that do not contain added sugar, sweeteners and caffeine. The cleanest options are:
Beverages – coconut water (not from concentrate), mineral water, herbal teas, vegetable juice (not from concentrate), fruit juice (not from concentrate)